T: 01642 704970 | E: enquiries@olsb.bhcet.org.uk


Contact: Mrs R Jarvis - Director of Quality of Education

Geography Long Term Plan

Curriculum Intent

In Geography, we aim to consolidate and build upon pupils knowledge of the world on a local, national and global scale. We aim to provide pupils with the skills to become curious and active geographers, developing their ability to solve the world's problems now and into the future. Pupils will align their own personal experiences and sense of place with the diverse and ever-changing human interactions with the physical environments. Pupils will be able to recognise how facilitating geography is as a discipline and how the skills acquired can be used in a wide variety of careers. Through learning about the opportunities and challenges in our world, pupils will become confident in taking responsibility for actions and developing compassion for others in an uneven world.

Key Stage 3 Curriculum 

As a department, we have developed topics that have overarching themes. Either grouping areas within the curriculum creates a less static approach. Pupils develop their knowledge, understanding and geographical skills as they progress through KS3 topics. Year 7 topics are planned with transition in mind from KS2 and crucial skills and threshold concepts are introduced in the first term as these lay the foundations of all themes within geography. We are mindful of the lived experiences and the ability to understand the reality of our changing world. Therefore topics are taught and spaced accordingly, e.g. Development in year 9. The KS3 curriculum aims to scaffold the threshold concepts and conceptual threads for movement into KS4.

Year 7: Topics:

  • Intro to Geography (Human, physical, environmental, sustainability)
  • Continents and Oceans
  • British Isles
  • Map skills (Compass directions, map symbols, 4/6 figure grid reference)
  • Mathematical/geographical skills (measuring distance/scale and height/relief)
  • Introduction to Rivers (water cycle, river basin)
  • Fieldwork
  • River processes and the creation of river profiles/waterfalls/meanders
  • Intro to Africa (physical/human aspects)
  • Egypt population distribution
  • South Africa/Apartheid
  • Intro to Kenya and tourism in Kenya
  • Maasai tribe/ecotourism

Year 8: Topics

  • Introduction to weather (Different types and how we measure weather)
  • Introduction to climate (climate graphs, world climates, UK climate/weather)
  • Tropical storms (formation, effects and responses of Hurricane Katrina)
  • Introduction to tourism, growth of tourism and types of tourism
  • Tourism in - UK, Spain, Thailand/Asia, USA, Ecotourism and tourism in the news
  • Introduction to coasts (waves, fluvial processes, erosional landforms, depositional landforms. Coastal defences both hard and soft engineering.
  • Introduction to China (human and physical aspects of China) continued comparison of China in recalled knowledge with Africa (Year 7)
  • 3 gorges dam/ Sichuan earthquake/ One child policy/ Communism v capitalism

Year 9: Topics

  • Introduction to plate tectonic theory and plate boundaries
  • Varying types of volcanoes. Case study: Iceland – Eyjafjallajokull 2010
  • Introduction to earthquakes and measurement
  • Contrasting case studies: Kobe, Japan (HIC) and Haiti (LIC).
  • Introduction to development, classification, causes and consequences
  • Climate change and its impact on development, development and its impact on the environment, globalisation and reducing poverty. Russia and India are used as examples.
  • Introduction to tropical rainforests, location and climate
  • The structure of the rainforest, plant/animal adaptations and tribe life
  • Threats to the rainforest – deforestation/why our rainforests are valuable.
  • Introduction to hot deserts, location and climate
  • Plant/animal adaptations and developments in the desert – Nomad groups
  • Threats to the deserts - desertification

Key Stage 4 Course Structure & Overview

Exam Board: AQA
Syllabus: 8035
Paper 1: Living with the Physical Environment
Paper 2: Challenges in the Human environment
Paper 3: Geographical Applications

This exciting and relevant course studies geography in a balanced framework of physical and human themes and investigates the link between them. Students will travel the world from their classroom, exploring case studies in the United Kingdom, higher-income countries, newly emerging economies and lower-income countries. Students will be provided with an opportunity to provoke and answer questions about the natural and human worlds and are also encouraged to understand their role in society, by considering different viewpoints, values and attitudes. Geography develops knowledge of places and environments throughout the world, an understanding of maps, allows the opportunity to develop communication skills and a range of investigative and problem-solving skills both inside and outside the classroom. As such it provides pupils for adult life and employment and provides candidates a clear overall view of the world in the first part of the 21st Century.

Course Content

The GCSE is made up of three sections:

Paper 1: Living with the Physical environment – 1 hour 30 minutes examination. 35% of GCSE
The topics include the challenge of natural hazards, the living world, physical landscapes in the UK and geographical skills.
Paper 2: Challenges in the Human Environment – 1 hour 30 minutes examination. 35% of the GCSE
The topics include urban issues and challenges, the changing economic world, the challenge of resource management and geographical skills.
Paper 3: Geographical applications – 1 hour 15 minutes examination. 30% of the GCSE
The topics include issue evaluation, fieldwork and geographical skills.

Skills Developed

• Communication skills
• Graphical and map skills
• ICT skills including GIS
• Literacy, numeracy and statistical skills
• Problem-solving skills and formulating enquiry
• Entrepreneurial skills and awareness of career possibilities
• Interpersonal skills through debate, argument and discussion

Progression Routes

Upon completion of this two-year course, students will have the skills and experience to progress onto A-level and beyond. Many of our students go on to study the subject at A-Level. As many of the skills developed in the subject are transferable, they will also prove useful in vocational post-16 courses such as Leisure, travel and tourism, retail and commercial enterprise and social sciences. Many employers value GCSE Geography due to the variety of skills the subject develops.

Future Careers

Future careers include teaching, advertising, travel and tourism, armed forces, town planner, journalism, meteorologist, sales, project worker, national park worker, environmentalist, marketing, cartography and landscape design, commercial and residential surveyor, consultants, Information systems officers (Computer science), education, astronomer, international aid and development worker, architect, manager, market researcher, sustainability consultant, transport.

What do employers say?

The dynamism of studying Geography is sought after by employers. In fact, in a 2010 and 2020 poll students and graduates who had studied Geography had the lowest rates of unemployment. Geography helps you to make sense of the world around you. It is a hand on the subject that is extremely relevant to the changing world we live in. Employers and universities see Geography as a robust academic subject that is rich in skills, knowledge and understanding.